Fall pig attention "two defenses and one feed"
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Anti-poisoning The autumn pig raising, in addition to strengthening conventional feed management, also needs to do a good job of storing pig feed and fattening fertilizer.
The appropriate temperature in the autumn and adequate feed is a good season for pig growth. Sweet potatoes, peanut pods, bean stalks, etc., after smashing or feeding the pigs after fermentation are good feeds. Potato tubers, legume pods, etc. can be dried and crushed and then used to feed pigs. However, it is rainy in autumn. If the green feed is harvested too much and improperly stored and processed, it will be easily rotted. Fresh grasses and green vegetables contain a large amount of nitrates, which are accumulated too long. Under the action of bacteria, nitrates are reduced and some of the oxygen is released to form highly toxic nitrite. Livestock and poultry eat this type of nitrous acid. Salt rotten grass, rotten vegetables, poisoning or suffocation due to severe lack of oxygen.
Autumn grasses and vegetables can be fermented or soaked into sauerkraut, so that the nitrite content is small, it will not cause poisoning, but also improve feed taste and nutritional value. The specific method is:
Wash grass, vegetables, melons, leaves, etc., and put them in a cylinder. After compacting one by one, when it is filled with eighty percent, cover it with a straw and press it with stones, but do not add water. After a few days of feed sinking, fill the tank with water to isolate the air. After a further 1 day of fermentation, the pigs can be removed. Fermented green fodder not only tastes fragrant, but also has high nutritional value and is easily digestible. Note that rapeseed cakes that have not been detoxified should not exceed 10% of the diet; legumes should be cooked and fed to facilitate the absorption of protein; the amount of feeding should be increased from less to more, so that the pigs gradually adapt.
Parasitic pigs have a wide range of parasites, including tsutsugamushi disease, rickets, toxoplasmosis, and coccidiosis, but maggots, aphids, coccidia, and whipworm diseases are the most common and cause more serious damage to pigs. It often results in poor growth of pig feed or slow growth. The damp weather in summer and autumn is a time when parasites are active and seriously endangered. It is one of the important measures to improve the economic benefits of pig farms in summer and autumn. The specific measures are as follows: Do a good job in monitoring parasites Parasites can be monitored by regular fecal tests and necropsy. At least once a year, a stool test can be performed using the sugar water floating fecal examination method to determine if there is a parasite.
Adopting an all-in, all-out feeding system to do a good job of cleaning and disinfecting the inside and outside of herds and pig houses, and using disinfectants such as "complex aldehydes" that are effective in killing coccidial oocysts.
Keep the pigs in a clean and dry environment. It is forbidden to keep pets such as cats and dogs.
Choosing good deworming drugs Abamectin is currently the main drug to kill parasites, mainly powders, tablets, injections and so on.
After a good time, the entire herd of insecticide-repellent sows was dewormed 14 to 21 days before delivery, leaving the sows free of insects after giving birth. Because the sow is exposed to the sows's feces, the frictional contact with the sow's skin is easily contagious. Sows are used once in 14 days before breeding and boars are used once in spring and autumn. The most economical method for finishing pigs is to deworm once at 35 days to 40 days, until slaughter, basically no problem.
In addition, there are many parasite eggs in green feed (such as liver fluke, aphids, other nematodes, etc.), should be washed before feeding. It is best to repel insects 2 months or so.
Scientific feeding in autumn is the golden season for pig growth.
When pigs are used in autumn, they should be properly matched with fine material, coarse material, and green material. Concentrates and roughage should be crushed in order to facilitate the digestion and absorption of pigs. Feed nutrition should be comprehensive and good palatability. Whether it is using raw materials for wet feeding, or mixing the mixture with chopped green feed and letting pigs feed freely, the water content of the prepared feed should not be excessive. Pigs can supply 0.1% potassium permanganate solution to prevent piglets from turning white. Pigs who feed dry materials must supply sufficient drinking water. In the autumn, the amount of drinking water is 4 times that of dry feed. In particular, sows and sow sucklings must not be deprived of water, and water quality should be kept clean.
Green material must be used with 40% of concentrate material, and 10% of glutinous rice cake can also be added to the feed. When feeding, generally feed the concentrate, and then feed the green material four times a day, preferably within half an hour each time. Granules are full-price blended powders that are compressed by pellet feeds. Compared to flour, they have good palatability, high digestibility, low incidence, large feed intake, fast animal growth, and high feed costs. Features. However, many farmers still use pelleted feeds to feed pigs. Like the powder, they first add water to form porridge, and some even use boiling water to boil the material or cook it in a pot. This not only fails to reflect the superiority of pelleted feed, but also It will destroy the nutrition of the pellet feed.
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