Small peppers exposed to pollution-free cultivation techniques

The small chilies have a strong spicy taste, excellent quality and resistance to storage. They are loved by the people, and the market conditions are promising. The cultivation area has been expanding year by year. The introduction of pollution-free cultivation techniques for small peppers is as follows:

Variety selection use Japanese Chaotian pepper varieties. The variety has strong disease resistance, heat resistance, strong spicy fruit, moderate fruit type, thick flesh, and high yield.

Suitable for planting open-season cultivation of small pepper is suitable for planting in sandy soil with deep soil, loose soil and soft, well-drained sandy soil. Generally, 2000-3000 kg of fresh pepper can be produced per acre. Both the spring and summer seasons can be open-field cultivation. In spring cultivation, planting seedlings are planted in small arch sheds in early January, planted in late April, and harvested from late June to early frost. Summer cultivation, planting seedlings in small arch sheds in February, planting in early May, harvesting and marketing in early July to autumn frost.

20 days before sowing and sowing of seedlings, nourishing soil was prepared at a ratio of 60% of vegetable garden soil not planted with eggplant vegetables, 30% of decomposed sieved manure, and 10% of plant ash, and 100 kg of nutrient soil per acre seedbed. Formalin 25 ml of water and 3 kg of water were sprayed on the nutrient soil and the cover film was sealed for 2 to 3 days. After the seedbed is poured into the bottom water, a layer of nutritive soil is planted and sowing. After sowing, a layer of nutrient soil with a thickness of 1 cm is used. The amount of seed for each mu of field is 50-75 g. After sowing, the seedbed covers the mulch and a small arch covers the plastic film and haystacks. The bed temperature before emergence was maintained at 30°C during the day and 18°C ​​to 20°C during the night. Seek as much light as possible when the seedlings are not frozen. Qimiao choose sunny seedlings. The Datian seedbed per acre was sprayed 2 to 3 times with 10 kg of water and 9 kg of water and 20% of virus A 600 times to control the seedling disease. 5 to 7 days before planting, the seedlings should be cultivated properly. The bed temperature should be maintained at 15 to 25°C during the day and 8 to 15°C at night.

Site preparation Planting of sandy soil with deep, fertile and well-drained sandy soil is the choice. After the harvest, the land was deep-turned 20 to 30 cm in length. In the first half month after planting, 5000 to 6,000 kg of composted manure was applied per mu, 2500 to 3,000 kg of human and animal manure, 30 to 50 kg of compound fertilizer or 40 to 50 kg of superphosphate, 10 to 15 kg of potassium chloride, and ploughed into soil. Leveling ridges. High ridge cultivation, ridge bottom width of 40 to 50 cm, ridge height of 20 cm, every 4 ridges to open a drainage ditch, long ridge across 20 to 30 meters to open a horizontal ditch. The spring open field cultivation is planted after the frost is broken and the ground temperature is stable at 10°C or above. A hole to planting, hole depth of 8 to 10 cm, 1 row per ridge planting, spacing 30 to 35 cm, planted 3500 to 4000 per acre. Spring sunny afternoon planting, planting while watering; summer election cloudy planting.

After field planting, watering is often done to keep the soil dry and wet. Combined with watering fertilizer 5 to 7 times. When the heart leaves begin to grow and the new root occurs, the live tree fertilizer is applied, and it is better to apply the diluted manure water. At the beginning of fruit setting, the seedling fertilizer is applied, and 7 to 10 kg of urea per mu is applied. After each harvest 1 or interval 7 to 10 days topdressing stable seedling fertilizer, apply 10 to 13 kg of urea per acre, in order to promote plant stability, prolong the result period. After planting a living tree, the soil is often cultivated and cultivated. The depth of cultivating is 5-7 cm. Near the root of the plant should be shallow cultivator, intercropping should be deep cultivator. After the plants were sealed, weeds were only removed and no weeds were used to prevent damage to the roots and plants.

Harvest red pepper fruits in red when harvested.

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